Thursday, December 13, 2012

გრემის ისტორია


gremis istoria da arqiteqtura
qalaqi gremi, romelzec gadioda abreSumis gza, ganadgurda Sah abasis Semosevis dros XVI s-Si, mas Semdeg es gza aRar aRmdgara. Aam droisTvis SemorCenilia qalaq gremis nangrevebi, romelic Sua saukuneebiT TariRdeba da metad mniSvnelovania Tavisi taZriT, sacxovrebliTa da abanoebiT. Ggremi damTvarieleblebs izidavs kargad Semonaxuli arqiteqturuli kompleqsiT: mTavarangelozTa taZriTa da samefo koSkiT.
Gგრემის taZari aSenda da moixata mefe leon II-is dros, 1565 wels. gremis mTavarangelozTa taZari sxva qarTuli taZrebisgan gansxvavdeba imiT, rom is iyo pirveli jvargumbaTovani taZari. taZris mTavari jvris Senoba Zalian viwro da maRalia. taZris aRmosavleTi taZris aRmosavleTi mxare naxevarwriuli moxazulobis sakurTxevlis afsidiT m\tavrdeba, mklavebi ki sworkutxedis formisaa. taZris ZiriTadi nawili aguriTaa naSenebi, dekoratiuli elementebi damaxasiaTebelia imdroindeli feodaluri saqarTvelos epoqisTvis. taZarSi, kedlebze SemorCenilia warwerebi da freskebi. Ggremis taZari prototipi gaxda mTeli saqarTvelos eklesiebisaTvis. taZris dekoratiuli TaRebis formebsa da fasadebze igrZnoba bizantiuri arqiteqturis gavlena.
mTavarangelozTa taZris ukan aRamarTulia samsarTuliani koSki. koSkis ori sarTuli ufro adre aSenda vidre taZari. Pirvel sarTulze farTe da maRali oTaxia, oTaxis ukana kedli gaswvriv aris derefani, romelic aerTianebs pirvel da meore sarTulebs. koSkSi aris samrekloc.
taZris simaRlisken swrafva naCvenebia mis arqiteqturaSi, romelic Seudarebelia. Eeklesiis silueti, misi eleganturoba da koSkis mimzidveli arqiteqtura dominantia uzarmazar sivrceSi. 
მთავარანგელოზთა ტაძარი

Adgilmdebareoba da mimdebare landSafti gremis eklesias sZens SesaniSnav Zalasa da mniSvnelobas, romelic mas dauviwyars xdis.
Zegli mTlianad icavs da akmayofilebs arqiteqturul formebs. Senobebi arqiteqturulad kargia, magram eklesiaSi arsebuli freskebis umetesi nawili ganadgurebulia, Zeglis konservacia, anu arsebuli mdgomareobis SenarCuneba regularulad atwleulebis ,manZilze mimdinareobs. წყარო
  yovelivve aqedan gamomdinare vpiqrob, rom gremis mTavarangelozTa kompleqsi SesaniSnavia Tavisi arqiteqruriT, istoriiTa. is kaxeTis siamayea.


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